Roark Modern by Lisa Bowles lamps are made in New York. Hand built clay originals, sculpted and carved using plaster or marble resin. Plaster forms are sealed in layers of shellac and hand-buffed European wax; resin forms are finished in a bonded ivory finish or her signature bonded black bronze and gunmetal. All lamps are wired with antique brass double cluster fittings, European brown cloth cord with a toggle and Bakelite plug. Vellum lampshades are standard.